Education Journal



啟發式心理輔導 ── 一個本土化的心理輔導模式的構思

1994.第22卷第2期(Vol. 22 No. 2).pp. 249–254

 

啟發式心理輔導 ── 一個本土化的心理輔導模式的構思

Heuristic Counselling — An Indigenous Counselling for Working with Chinese People

岳曉東(Xiao-Dong YUE)

摘要

心理輔導作為西方文化的產物,深受其文化與社會習俗的影響。因此,在中國社會推廣心理輔導時,我們應注意到中、西方文化,社會差異對於心理輔導理論與實踐的作用,不宜機械地加以搬用。本文根據調查結果及中國人社會化過程的特點,提出啟發式心理輔導之模式,旨在將孔子之啟發教育思想結合在西方非指導性心理輔導模式中去,充份肯定輔導員對於當事人自我反省與完善所起的引導作用,並將輔導過程看作一個“開而弗達”的積極思維過程,以建立起適合於中國人行為方式的本土化的心理輔導模式。

Abstract

This article demonstrates that the direct use of Western-oriented non-directive counselling approach would encounter three major social conflicts in Chinese society through interviewing a group of college counsellors in Beijing. The significance of the conflicts is explored in relation to the differences in socialization process of the Chinese and the Western societies. In light of these differences, the article proposes the use of a heuristic model of counselling for working with Chinese people, based on the Confucian concept of heurism in teaching. Specifically, the model calls for a more active role in therapeutic interaction for the counsellor and encourages the counsellor to express himself more openly but in a non-imposing way. Thus, the model intends to be an indigenous and pragmatic adaptation of Western modalities of counselling in Chinese society.