1994．第21卷第2期及第22卷第1期（Vol. 21 No. 2 & Vol. 22 No. 1）．pp. 139156
Conflicts and Choices in Educational Policy Formation: Implications for the Role of Educational Policy in the Industrialization of Korea
The rapid expansion of education, particularly higher education, in Korea has been watched with keen interest especially with regard to its apparent connection with Korea's fast economic growth. The expansion of higher education in Korea is worth noting with respect to not only the high rate of expansion, but also the ups and downs of the expansion process. The rates and focuses of higher educational expansion have changed by periods, as reflected by the changes of the higher educational enrollment quota policy. This fluctuation could be significantly attributed to the fact that the policy making process has had to reconcile conflicting interests of different social forces. In this paper, by reviewing the evolution of the higher educational enrollment quota policy in Korea, I will attempt to explore four major questions: (1) What set of priorities was considered in educational decisions? (2) What were the social forces that shaped educational systems? (3) What were the dilemmas that the government faced in policy making? (4) What are the implications of educational policy formation for the role of the State in respect of educational policy in Korea's industralization? While answering these four questions, I will try to explore what social forces have affected the link between the educational system and industrial and labor market demand.