Education Journal


1994.第21卷第2期及第22卷第1期(Vol. 21 No. 2 & Vol. 22 No. 1).pp. 123–126



Development of Education in China under the Market Economic System

周洪宇(Hongyu ZHOU)




The fourteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China formally endorsed a market economy for the country, which was a momentous decision for contemporary China. The policy produces not only important changes in China's political, economic, and cultural arenas, but also complex repercussions in her educational scene. The development of education in a market economy has caught the close attention of both inside and outside China. This paper predicts ten major changes. First, instead of catering to political needs as was the case in the past, education will also serve the needs of economic and social development. Second, quality education which answers the needs of a market economy will replace the traditional examination-oriented system. Third, curriculum contents will be innovative as well as practical. Fourth, the education system will become diversified. Fifth, the state will be joined by various social sectors in offering educational opportunities. Sixth, management of education will become decentralized. Seventh, in addition to investment from the state, there will be multiple sources of funding. Eighth, the state will no longer monopolize student rectuitment and job assignment. Ninth, management by clout will be replaced by management by law. Lastly, educational exchange and collaboration will develop beyond the boundary of the country. These changes keep pace with the current overall reform in China, and pave the way for the huge development of China's education in the twenty-first century.