Education Journal



「家庭參與及商校協作」:培育學生面對挑戰的希望感

2018.第46卷第1期(Vol. 46 No. 1).pp. 73–92
 

「家庭參與及商校協作」:培育學生面對挑戰的希望感

Family Involvement and School-Business Partnership: Nurturing Students’ Hope

何瑞珠、李文浩、李仕傑(Esther Sui-Chu HO, Antony Man-Ho LI, & Thomas Sze-Kit LEE)

摘要

中學生踏入高中階段前後,要面對不同挑戰,而香港學生面對的學習壓力嚴重,升學競爭尤為激烈。若學生缺乏面對挑戰的素質,容易失去解決問題的目標和動力,更甚的是對未來失去希望感(hope)。這對於缺乏社經資源和家庭支援的基層學生來說,尤其值得關注。香港目前透過家庭參與和「商校協作」模式,舉辦或資助不同活動,推動學生的個人發展。本研究於2015年收集了5,500多位曾參與香港一項「商校協作」計劃的中學生的問卷數據,並以多元迴歸模型分析方法,探討學生的個人及家庭背景因素(性別、出生地、家庭結構及社經地位)、父母的期望和參與,以及參與「商校協作」活動,對學生希望感發展的影響,研究發現父母的期望和參與以及學生參與商校協作,對中學生的希望感具顯著正面影響。本研究就身處弱勢階層的青少年透過參與各類「商校協作」活動,對個人面對未來的正面素質──希望感的影響作實證剖析,結果將對青少年政策如何拓展企業及社區的社會資源有具體啟示。

關鍵詞:家庭參與;商校協作;弱勢學生;正向心理學;希望感

Abstract

When stepping into senior secondary years, Hong Kong students are faced with different challenges, especially academic stress and competition for higher education opportunities. Without the qualities necessary for coping with challenges, they may lose the goals and motivation for solving problems and even the hope for future. This is of particular concern to disadvantaged students who are lacking in socioeconomic resources and family support. Nowadays, activities for promoting students’ personal development have been organized or supported by family involvement and school-business partnership in Hong Kong. This study aims to investigate the impact of student and family background factors (gender, place of birth, family structure and socioeconomic status), parental expectation and involvement, and participation in school-business partnership activities, on the development of students’ hope. Data was collected from a questionnaire survey in 2015 taken part by over 5,500 secondary students, who were participants in a school-business partnership program, and was analyzed by multiple regression models. Results indicated that parental expectation and involvement, and participation in school-business partnership activities show significant positive effect on students’ hope scale. By analyzing the effect of participation in school-business partnership activities by disadvantaged youths on their development of hope — a positive quality for forging the future, this study provides practical implications on how youth policy may tap into the resources provided by enterprises and the community.

Keywords: parental involvement; school-business partnership; disadvantaged students; positive psychology; hope