Education Journal



以資源基礎觀點論述高等教育機構績效之研究──以社會資本為干擾變數

2018.第46卷第1期(Vol. 46 No. 1).pp. 23–50
 

以資源基礎觀點論述高等教育機構績效之研究──以社會資本為干擾變數

The Effects of Resource-based Antecedents on the Performance of Higher Education Institutions: Examining the Moderating Effects of Social Capital

彭耀平、何希慧、彭彥群(Michael Yao-Ping PENG, Sophia Shi-Huei HO, & Yen-Chun PENG)

摘要

本研究根據資源基礎觀點建立理論模型,探討資源前置因素對機構績效的影響,如機構寬裕、機構聲譽與機構績效間的關係。另外,為了在靜態資源上加入動態應用的本質,研究者分析社會資本的干擾效果,如內部和外部社會資本可促進及增強機構寬裕和機構聲譽兩種資源的運作,進而提升學校在教學、研究和服務的表現成果。研究對象為台灣37所高等教育機構的專任教師,共獲926份有效問卷,以階層迴歸模式檢視變數間關係。實證結果發現:(1)機構寬裕和機構聲譽對機構績效有正向影響;(2)內部社會資本對機構寬裕、機構聲譽與機構績效間關係有正向干擾效果;(3)外部社會資本只對機構寬裕與機構績效間關係有正向干擾效果。最後,根據研究結果提出理論及實務意涵、建議和未來研究方向,供相關研究者參考。

關鍵詞:內部社會資本;外部社會資本;寬裕資源;機構績效;機構聲譽

Abstract

Based on the resource-based view, a theoretical model was established to explore the influence of resource antecedents on institutional performance, such as the relation between institutional slack, institutional reputation, and institutional performance. In order to add dynamic application to static resources, moderating effects of social capital were discussed in this article. For example, internal and external social capital might facilitate and strengthen the application of institutional slack and institutional reputation, which thereafter enhance institutional performance in teaching, research and service outcomes. Research objects were full-time faculty in 37 Taiwan higher education institutions and 926 valid questionnaires were collected. The relation between variables was inspected with stratum regression pattern. Results show that: (a) institutional slack and institutional reputation positively affect institutional performance; (b) internal social capital has positively significant influence on the relationship between institutional slack, reputation and performance; and (c) external social capital has positive moderating effect on the relationship between institutional slack and institutional performance. Finally, theoretical and managerial implications and suggestions as well as future studies were proposed.

Keywords: internal social capital; external social capital; slack resource; institutional performance; institutional reputation