2016．第44卷第2期（Vol. 44 No. 2）．pp. 127–142
The Notion of Ecological Self and Its Implications on Ecological Education
With ecological crisis nowadays, it is required to rethink the relationship between the self and nature in education. This study is a philosophical inquiry. The aim of this article is to explore Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess’s concept of ecological self, and by drawing from its secondary literature, to analyze the significance of this concept. The approach of achieving self-realization and its implications on ecological education will also be discussed. The concept of ecological self reminds us that a mature self should give up the narrow ego and learn to open the self to nature, in order to identify the self with other beings in nature. The self and other beings are ontologically interconnected, which is the reality humans need to recognize. The more we open ourselves to others, the deeper self-realization can be achieved. This is the manner we explore ecosophy and our authentic beings. According to Naess’s notion, the author suggests several possibilities for ecological education: improving understanding of cosmic ontology; guiding learners to open themselves to experiencing nature; and breaking through the limitations on the concepts of the self and others.
Keywords: ecological self; self-realization; ecological education; Naess