2016．第44卷第2期（Vol. 44 No. 2）．pp. 51–79
A Study of the Resisting and Assisting Factors to the Mathematics Curriculum Transformation for Elementary School Pre-service Teachers — Drawing on Activity Theory
This study drew on Activity Theory to study the “mathematics curriculum transformation learning community” established by 14 elementary school pre-service teachers. It focused on studying the disturbance phenomenon experienced from the three mediating artefacts — division of labor, rules, and instruments — during the process of the mathematics curriculum transformation, the resistances caused by the disturbances, and the formation of assisting strategies in response to the resistances. The researcher analyzed data collected from dialogic corpora of meetings, field observation data, curriculum teaching plan, and reflective data. Three disturbance phenomena in operation of the learning community were found: (a) from the “division of labor” perspective, members of the learning community were unsuccessful in cooperating as a “jigsaw” to reach consensus on how to complete the curriculum transformation task; (b) from the “rules” perspective, members were unable to reach consensus on establishing a “conventional” norm for the learning community; (c) from the “instruments” perspective, members were diverged on the “function” of meeting. The researcher further analyzed the varying resistances aroused by the three different disturbances, and looked for ways to turn a stumbling block into a stepping stone: in the “division of labor” perspective, substituting “demonstration” for “liberty,” “refutation” for “questions,” “persistence” for “negligence”; in the “rules” perspective, substituting “identification” for “responsibility”; in the “instruments” perspective, substituting “concentration” for “distraction,” “equality” for “prejudice,” and “mirror” for “reflection” — ultimately turning resistances into assistances.
Keywords: mediating artefact; Activity Theory; elementary school pre-service teachers; curriculum transformation; disturbance