2016．第44卷第1期（Vol. 44 No. 1）．pp. 25–50
Effects of Social Support and Cross-Strait Cognition on Life Adaptation of Exchange Students from Taiwan and the Chinese Mainland
陳羿君、張正平、陳禮竈、張海倫（I-Jun CHEN, Cheng-Ping CHANG, Li-Zao CHEN, & Hai-Lun ZHANG）
This study made use of questionnaires to investigate the current situation of social support, cross-strait cognition and life adaptation of university students who were exchanged from Taiwan to the Chinese mainland and vice versa. Path analysis was also performed to establish a relation model between life adaptation and its influencing factors. Results showed that: (1) the perception levels of all exchange students in social support and life adaptation were above average; (2) significant difference was found in cross-strait cognition before and after the exchange, with post-exchange cognition significantly higher than pre-exchange one; (3) significant differences were found among different demographic variables for life adaptation of exchange students from Taiwan to the Chinese mainland; (4) there were interactive influences of cognition types and the region that exchange students come from on life adaptation, with the life adaptation of the Chinese mainland students in Taiwan better that Taiwan students in the Chinese mainland both in “cognition-enhanced” and “cognition-decreased” groups; (5) the demographic variables of exchange students influenced their life adaptation through the mediating effects of their perception of social support and cross-strait cognition.
Keywords: life adaptation; social support; exchange students from Taiwan and the Chinese mainland; cross-strait cognition