Education Journal



「國中學生全球化覺知量表」編製及模式之驗證研究

2016.第44卷第1期(Vol. 44 No. 1).pp. 1–24
 

「國中學生全球化覺知量表」編製及模式之驗證研究

The Development and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Global Awareness Scale for Junior High School Students

陳貞君、楊淑晴(Jen-Jun CHEN & Shu-Ching YANG)

摘要

本研究旨在發展適合台灣國民中學(下稱國中)學生使用的全球化覺知量表並進行模式驗證。量表發展第一階段以高雄市250位七、八年級學生為預試樣本,進行項目分析、探索性因素分析和內部一致性考驗;第二階段以高雄市670位七至九年級學生為正式施測樣本,進行驗證性因素分析、信效度考驗、複核效化分析及多群組分析檢定測量恆等性。量表共計10題,包含「全球關聯性」(6題)和「世界公民責任」(4題)兩個分量表。驗證性因素分析顯示,修正模式的一階驗證性因素模型與觀察資料間有良好的一致性,適配度理想。此外,量表的信效度檢驗達可接受水準。本研究亦證明量表具有穩定性,可推論至相同母群的不同樣本,對不同性別、年級的國中生具有跨群體的測量恆等性。

關鍵詞:全球化覺知;探索性因素分析;驗證性因素分析;複核效化;多群組分析

Abstract

This study aimed to develop a global awareness scale for junior high school students in Taiwan and to validate the scale by performing exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and multi-group invariance. The preliminary scale was developed based on the relevant literature. In the first phase, 250 valid samples collected by purposive sampling were used to perform item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and internal consistency reliability analysis. In the second sample, consisting of 670 junior high school students, confirmatory factor analysis was applied to check for model fitness and cross-validation. Finally, the different levels of multi-group invariance were examined. The results showed that the scale, containing 10 items with two factors, exhibited a good model fit after model modification and had proper composite reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Measurement invariance was confirmed for junior high school students across genders and grades.

Keywords: global awareness; exploratory factor analysis; confirmatory factor analysis; cross-validation analysis; multi-group invariance