2014．第42卷第1期（Vol. 42 No. 1）．pp. 53–76
Prioritizing Major Science Education Problems in Taiwan — Views of Scientists and Science Educators
This research aimed to investigate the views of scientists and science educators about the tasks promoting scientific literacy in Taiwan for the past decade. The Delphi method was used and two back-to-back surveys were conducted. The participants were 60 college professors (27 in fields of science and 33 in science education). Results showed that the three most urgent tasks for science education were “promoting teacher’s scientific literacy levels,” “making science learning part of everyday life,” and “incorporation of scientific literacy into schools.” Second, “promotion of scientists’ participation for popular science” received the highest satisfactory level of all tasks. Third, the main obstacles to promoting of scientific literacy were “media environment,” “credentialism mindset in school,” and “utilitarianism and pragmatic views of scientific learning.” Fourth, “disconnection between real life and science teaching materials” was considered to be overcome most likely in the future. This research revealed that media culture and the biased conception of the general public on science learning were of great concern. In addition, significantly different views on several survey items between scientists and science educators were also worth noticing. Suggestions for future research and policymaking were raised.
Keywords: science education; science education problems; scientific literacy; Delphi method