2013．第28卷第1及2期（Vol. 28 Nos. 1 & 2）．pp. 5–31
Improving Sustainability: What Can Education Learn From Other Complex Systems?
This article is concerned with the causes of unsustainability in complex systems, and what educators can learn from such a study. It argues that there are a number of similar stressors in many complex systems. The systems chosen to illustrate this argument are the educational, the environmental, and the financial, and the stressors described are the excessive exploitation of resources and the introduction of pollutive substances, practices or ideas. Such stressors, it is argued, lead to crisis points in all three systems, as actors within them are increasingly unable to adapt to the rapid changes they cause. Finally, because these systems share similar characteristics, this article argues that educators can learn much from the existence of similar remediations.
Keywords: educational leadership; sustainability; systems thinking