Asian Journal of Counselling



Career Centers in Higher Education in South Korea: Past, Present, and Future

2012.第19卷第1及2期(Vol. 19 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 53–73
 

Career Centers in Higher Education in South Korea: Past, Present, and Future

南韓高等教育機構的職業生涯中心:過去、現在、未來

Eunjoo YANG, Sang Min LEE, & Sung-Sik AHN(楊恩周、李相旼、安晟植)

Abstract

Career centers in South Korean universities have evolved to meet the career needs of college students and societal changes. The rapid increase in unemployment rates in the recent 20 years has heightened the importance of university career centers, yet a systematic career service model has not been devised to reflect the diverse career needs of college students. This article investigates the current situation of service delivery of university career centers in South Korea. A total of 15 career centers responded to the questions about how often they provided specific career services and how important each service was in their service delivery. Results showed that the career centers focused more on career placement than career exploration services. Also, there were discrepancies between the most frequently offered services and the most important services. Based on the results, future tasks for career centers are discussed in terms of the balance between career exploration and placement services, staff expertise, technology use, and tailored programs for specialized career fields.

Keywords: university career centers; career services; college students

摘要

隨着社會變遷和大學生職業生涯需要的變化,南韓的大學職業生涯中心亦不斷演變。近二十年失業率飆升,使得大學職業生涯中心的重要性更加突出;但是,完整的職業生涯服務模式尚未形成,不能反映大學生不同的職業生涯需要。本文探討南韓的大學職業生涯中心提供服務的現況。有15所職業生涯中心回答了有關其提供的各類服務的頻率和重要性的問卷。結果顯示,服務多集中於職業安置而非職業生涯探索,而且提供得最多的服務並不是最重要的服務。基於這些結果,本文從以下方面探討了職業生涯中心的未來工作,比如職業生涯探索與安置服務的平衡、員工的專業性、科技的應用,以及為專門的職業領域設計有針對性的服務等。

關鍵詞:大學職業生涯中心;職業生涯服務;大學生