Asian Journal of Counselling



When the Music Changes, so Does the Dance: With Shifting U.S. Demographics, How Do Career Centers Need to Change?

2012.第19卷第1及2期(Vol. 19 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 27–51
 

When the Music Changes, so Does the Dance: With Shifting U.S. Demographics, How Do Career Centers Need to Change?

舞隨樂變:美國職業生涯中心如何因應人口特徵的變化而改變

Mary J. HEPPNER & Ae-Kyung JUNG(Mary J. HEPPNER、鄭愛敬)

Abstract

College campuses in the United States are becoming increasingly diverse. Over the next three decades, it is predicted that White Americans will become the minority. Increasing college enrollment rates for racial and ethnic minority students, international students, sexual minority students, religious minorities, and physically challenged individuals are changing the college campus in exciting and challenging ways. Career centers on college campuses need to also change to help ensure the success of these increasingly diverse students. The article examines six critical areas in which this change needs to occur: (a) the career counseling process; (b) career assessments; (c) career theories; (d) the hiring and training of career center staff; (e) the career center environment; and (f) specialized services for diverse students in career centers.

Keywords: career centers; diversity; changing demographics

摘要

美國的大學校園漸趨多元化。未來三十年,白人學生將會佔少數。大學取錄的學生將包括愈來愈多的少數族裔人士、國際學生、性少眾、宗教少眾,以及殘障人士。這些學生為大學校園帶來重大的改變與挑戰,而校園內的職業生涯中心亦須改變,以確保這多元的學生群體都能有所成。本文探討改變的六個重要領域:(1)職業生涯輔導過程;(2)職業生涯評估;(3)職業生涯理論;(4)職業生涯中心員工的聘用與培訓;(5)職業生涯中心的環境;及(6)職業生涯中心為不同群體學生提供的專有服務。

關鍵詞:職業生涯中心;多元化;變化的人口特徵