Educational Research Journal



在港內地大學生文化移入與幽默風格關係之研究

2011.第26卷第2期(Vol. 26 No. 2).pp. 247–270
 

在港內地大學生文化移入與幽默風格關係之研究

The Relationship Between Acculturation and Humor Styles Among Mainland Chinese University Students in Hong Kong

岳曉東、張宙橋(Xiaodong YUE & Jacky Chau-Kiu CHEUNG)

摘要

本研究使用「中國大學生文化移入問題量表」和「幽默風格量表」,調查在港內地大學生之文化移入與幽默風格之間的關係。215名在香港一所大學攻讀的內地生參與了本項研究。結果發現,親和型幽默與語言缺乏、社交能力有負相關,而攻擊型幽默和自貶型幽默與文化差異呈現正相關。這表明,親和型幽默可以幫助內地學生適應在港生活、緩解學習和社交壓力。此外,男生較女生更多使用攻擊型幽默和自貶型幽默,女生則較男生更多使用親和型幽默。這些發現與以往的研究基本一致。而男性多使用攻擊型幽默和自貶型幽默,女性多使用親和型幽默是與各自的性別角色認同有關。總之,今次研究的結果支持了理論和現有研究的說法,顯示親和型幽默有利於內地大學生適應在港的學習與生活。

關鍵詞:文化移入;幽默風格;內地大學生;香港

Abstract

This study attempts to examine the relationship between acculturation and humor styles among Mainland students studying in Hong Kong universities. A sample of 215 Mainland Chinese students participated in the study by completing the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ) and the Acculturative Hassles Scale for Chinese Students (AHSCS). Affiliative humor is negatively correlated with language deficiency and social interaction, whereas aggressive humor and self-defeating humor are positively correlated with cultural difference. Male students used significantly more aggressive humor and self-defeating humor than female students while female students used significantly more affiliative humor than male students. Taken together, use of adaptive humor, particularly affiliative humor, can help Mainland students to adjust well to living in Hong Kong.