Educational Research Journal



幽默風格、樂觀人格與心理健康──800名香港和內地大學生的調查與思考

2010.第25卷第1期(Vol. 25 No. 1).pp. 125–157
 

幽默風格、樂觀人格與心理健康——800名香港和內地大學生的調查與思考

Humor Styles, Dispositional Optimism and Mental Health: A Study Among 800 Undergraduates in Hong Kong and China

岳曉東(Xiaodong YUE)、郝霞(Xia HAO)、Giovanna GOLDMAN

摘要

本研究採用幽默風格量表(CHSQ),精神症狀自評量表(SCL-90-R),以及生活定向測驗修訂問卷(LOT-R)對300名香港大學生和500名內蒙古呼和浩特市大學生的幽默風格、樂觀人格與心理健康的關係進行了調查。香港大學生和內地大學生都較多運用親和型幽默,較少運用自貶型幽默;內地大學生較香港大學生更多運用自強型幽默,香港大學生較內地大學生更多運用嘲諷型幽默。兩地高樂觀組的大學生都比低樂觀的大學生更少運用嘲諷型和自貶型幽默。內地高樂觀組的學生比低樂觀的學生更多地運用親和型和自強型幽默。氣質性樂觀、親和型和自強型幽默都與心理健康呈顯著正相關,嘲諷型、自貶型幽默與心理健康則呈顯著負相關。

關鍵詞:幽默;樂觀;心理健康;中國文化

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between mental health, humor styles and dispositional optimism in Chinese societies. 300 undergraduates in Hong Kong and 500 undergraduates in Huhehot in Mainland China participated in this study. They were required to complete The Humor Styles Questionnaire (CHSQ), The Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) and Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R). The results show that Hong Kong and the Mainland students mostly used affiliative humor but rarely used self-defeating humor. Hong Kong students used more hostile humor while the Mainland students used more self-enhancing humor. Hong Kong and the Mainland students with high optimism used less hostile and self-defeating humor than those with low optimism. The Mainland students with high optimism used more affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor than those with low optimism. Both optimism and mental health were positively correlated with affiliative and self-enhancing humor but are negatively correlated with hostile humor and self-defeating humor.