Educational Research Journal



校本課程剪裁試驗計劃的成功要素:實施者的態度和知識

2008.第23卷第2期(Vol. 23 No. 2).pp. 253–275
 

校本課程剪裁試驗計劃的成功要素:實施者的態度和知識

Key Factors for the Success of Pilot School-based Curriculum Tailoring Scheme: Attitude and Knowledge of Implementers

霍秉坤(Ping-Kwan FOK)

摘要

香港自成立課程發展處後,推行了多項課程改革,其中以1994年推行的校本課程剪裁試驗計劃較受教育界的支持。本文嘗試探討此試驗計劃推行具成效的原因。研究發現,「人」仍是課程實施的關鍵。其次,試驗計劃顯示參與者能集中注意科目內容及教學,使效果更為理想。第三,課程實施必須考慮其脈絡,尤其是實踐者的經驗和實施對象的接受程度。本文強調,要持續課程改革,教育工作者必須於過程中不斷調適課程。然而,調適課程離不開一個重要的條件:願意而具備知識的實踐者。

關鍵詞:課程改革;實施者;課程剪裁

Abstract

Since the establishment of the Curriculum Development Institute, it has implemented a number of reforms. Among these, the implementation of the pilot School-based Curriculum Tailoring Scheme was well-supported by the educators. The purpose of this article is to inquire into the key factors for its successful implementation. First, “people” are the key for curriculum implementation. Second, pilot scheme shows that participants focusing on subject content and teaching of the reform can help to assure the effectiveness of the reform. Finally, to implement the curriculum effectively, we need to consider the context, including the practitioners’ experiences and their receptivity of the reform. The author emphasizes that, in the process of reform, educators need to adapt the curriculum continuously. However, the key for this adaptation is: practitioners that are willing and have knowledge.