Educational Research Journal



上海民辦中學與公辦中學管理文化的比較研究

2007.第22卷第2期(Vol. 22 No. 2).pp. 269–288
 

上海民辦中學與公辦中學管理文化的比較研究

A Comparative Research of Managerial Cultures of Private and Public Secondary Schools in Shanghai

彭新強、田愛麗(Nicholas Sun-Keung PANG & Aili TIAN)

摘要

學校管理文化對於學校管理水準以及教學質量的提升有著重要意義。本研究對上海市民辦中學與公辦中學的管理文化進行了分析和比較。研究者制定出「學校組織價值」問卷,在上海的廿一所中學進行調查,之後再選出七所管理文化比較獨特的學校,深入學校內部進行個案研究,瞭解該校管理文化的深層因素。研究發現學校管理文化差異的背後有著管理體制、生存條件以及原有文化的影響。本研究對今後學校管理實踐的改善提出了一些建議。

關鍵詞:上海;組織價值;組織文化;學校管理;教育領導

Abstract

Organizational culture plays an important role in quality of school management and teaching activities. The researchers compared the managerial cultures between the private and public secondary schools in Shanghai. A questionnaire, the School Values Inventory (SVI), was used to survey twenty one secondary schools randomly selected in Shanghai. Based on the quantitative results, seven schools characterized with distinctive managerial cultures were examined as case studies. The researchers explored the deeper assumptions that have shaped the schools’ managerial cultures. Findings show that the differences in the schools’ managerial cultures have related to the complicated historical traditions, conditions for survival, and the recent development of the educational system in Shanghai. Suggestions and recommendations on further improvement of school management in Shanghai are provided at the end of this paper.