Educational Research Journal


2006.第21卷第2期(Vol. 21 No. 2).pp. 283–302


Who Are the Most Creative? — Views From Undergraduates in China, Germany and the U.S.

岳曉東(Xiaodong YUE)





The Chinese perception of creativity differs significantly from that in the West in that the former is collectivism-based and emphasizes meritorious salience of creativity while the latter is individualism-based and emphasizes aesthetic salience of creativity. In this research, undergraduates from Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland regarded politicians and scientists, both local and overseas figures, as representative of creative persons and they rarely nominated artists, musicians and businessmen. Politicians and civil rights activists were also highly prevalent in American students' selection for creative people while artists and writers were mostly nominated by German students, followed by scientists and politicians.