1990．第18卷第2期（Vol. 18 No. 2）．pp. 107113
Higher Education and Gender Inequality: The Case of Hong Kong
This study addressed the issue of gender inequality in higher education in Hong Kong. Using the published data from census report, the differences between males and females in participation in post-secondary education and vocational training (in terms of number of students of the two sexes and the fields of education that they study were explored. Results indicated that although the number of females receiving higher education in Hong Kong had increased the majority of them were concentrated in a small range of areas of study. They are higher represented in clerical-related training courses that prepare them to work in the lower-status jobs in the tertiary sector. On the other hand, males were more likely to receive training in science and technology (such as engineering) which offer a better career prospect. In addition, more men than women entered the universities while a great proportion of women attended the teacher's college and nurse training schools. Overall, sex segregation in higher education remained a serious problem in Hong Kong. In contrast to the convention wisdom, the growth of higher education does not lead to a greater gender integration in it. This reflects the strong influence of the traditional sex-role ideology on educational choice of males and females.