2003．第18卷第1期（Vol. 18 No. 1）．pp. 7395
Reconstruction of Communitarianism and Creating of Social Capital: Analysis of the HK-PISA Trial study
藍郁平、何瑞珠（Terence Y. P. LAM & Esther S. C. HO）
The discourse of social capital has fueled a growing interest in the field of sociology, economics and education as one of the strategies to solve a number of socioeconomic problems and to enhance children’s education. However, it appears that the meaning of “social capital” varies with people. This paper attempts to clarify the meaning and generation of social capital from a communitarians’ perspective. Data for this study were collected from the trial study of a larger international project called PISA (Program for International Student Assessment), which was conducted in 2001. A total of 1,067 fifteen-year-old students from 31 Hong Kong secondary schools completed student assessment in reading, mathematics and science. A total of 1,061 parents also completed parent questionnaires. Factor analysis and regression analysis are used in this paper. The study identified three forms of social capital and different forms of social capital have different association with student academic achievement; however, the association is not always positive.