1990．第18卷第1期（Vol. 18 No. 1）．pp. 8994
Effects of Hall Residence on Leisure Activities and Student Activism in the 70’s
This study aimed to test the hypotheses that there were significant differences between undergraduates who reside in halls and those who do not, with regard to participation in leisure activities and disposition towards student activism and that these differences are the result of hall residence. The study was conducted in the mid-seventies when student activism was at its height in Hong Kong . The subjects were chosen from the undergraduates of the University of Hong Kong and a one-quarter random sample was used. Of the 760 questionnaires posted, 338 valid returns were eventually received, producing a response rate of 44.47%. The data showed that residents spent 3.97 hours more on extra-curricular activities and 2.40 hours more on chatting, but 3.37 hours less on watching TV, etc. than non-residents. All these differences were found to be statistically significant at the 0.01 level of confidence. Residents also received higher scores than non-residents in all the four sub-scales which make up the activism scale, but only the differences in college injustice scores and social service scores were statistically significant at the 0.01 level of confidence. The difference in social injustice scores was significant only at the 0.05 level of confidence and the difference in international injustice scores was statistically insignificant. Since it is possible that the differences in participation in leisure activities, and disposition towards student activism were already in existence before the students took up residence in hall, the data on those who had applied for residence and those who had not were also compared with a view to clarifying this point. No significant differences were found. It was concluded that hall residence did affect students' participation in leisure activities and their disposition towards student activism to a significant degree.