Education Journal



自我監察與強化作用對解難表現的影響

1990.第18卷第1期(Vol. 18 No. 1).pp. 27–34

 

自我監察與強化作用對解難表現的影響

Effects of Self-monitoring and Reinforcement on Problem-solving Performance

黃毅英(Ngai-Ying WONG)

摘要

本研究旨在了解自我監察與強化作用對解難表現的影響。從一百五十名本港中三津校學生中抽出高自我監察者與低自我監察者各三十名、每類分成三組,分別在數學解難過程中接受正、負與中性的強化。結果顯示高自我監察者之一般解難能力顯著比低自我監察者高而強化組之法則運用能力及解難自信亦比控制組為高。

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of self-monitoring and reinforcement on problem-solving performance. With the help of the self-monitoring scale, 30 high self-monitors and 30 low self-monitors were chosen from a total population of 158 form 3 students in a local subsidized school to receive positive, negative and neutral reinforcement while working with problems in mathematics. Analysis of covariance revealed that the mean general problem-solving ability of the high self-monitors was significantly higher than that of the low self-monitors and that the rule-applying abilities and confidence in problem-solving of the treatment groups was higher than the control group.