1998．第13卷第2期（Vol. 13 No. 2）．pp. 221243
Computer Anxiety of Rural Secondary School Teachers in Sarawak, Malaysia
Kian-Sam HONG & Chee-Kiat KOH
The purpose of this study was to describe the computer anxiety level of rural secondary school teachers in Sarawak, Malaysia. In addition, the study also attempted to determine if there were differences in computer anxiety level based on the demographic characteristics of rural secondary school teachers. The demographic characteristics investigated were gender, computer ownership, number of computer courses attended and amount of computer experience. The sample for the study consisted of 112 teachers from three rural secondary schools in the Serian district and one secondary school in the Gedong district in Sarawak, Malaysia. This study was done in two phases. The first phase concentrated on the development of a suitable instrument to measure computer anxiety. The second phase was to use this instrument to collect data. The findings of this study showed that generally the teachers have a low computer anxiety level. There was no significant difference in computer anxiety between genders. However significant differences in computer anxiety levels were found for computer ownership, number of computer courses attended and computer experience. Teachers who own computers were found to have lower computer anxiety than teachers who do not own computers. Teachers who have attended more computer courses were found to have a lower computer anxiety than teachers who have attended less computer courses. Teachers who have more computer experience were also found to have lower computer anxiety than teachers with less computer experience.
Keywords: computer anxiety; rural schools; Malaysia