Educational Research Journal



Thinking Styles, Abilities, and Academic Achievement among Hong Kong University Students

1998.第13卷第1期(Vol. 13 No. 1).pp. 41–62
 

Thinking Styles, Abilities, and Academic Achievement among Hong Kong University Students

Li-Fang ZHANG & Robert J. STERNBERG

Abstract

622 entering freshmen from The University of Hong Kong responded to the Thinking Styles Inventory, based on Sternberg's theory of mental self-government. Data also included the participants' university entrance-examination test scores as well as their self-rated analytical, creative, and practical ability levels. Multiple-regression analysis procedures showed that (1) thinking styles served as predictors of academic achievement over and above abilities; (2) male students' academic achievement was positively related to analytical thinking, whereas female students' academic achievement was negatively related to either analytical or creative thinking; and (3) in general, the higher the participants rated themselves on the creative scale, the poorer their academic achievement was. Implications of these results are discussed.

Keywords: thinking styles; abilities; academic achievement

摘要

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