Educational Research Journal



學校功能的多元性:學校效能研究的新方向

1996.第11卷第2期(Vol. 11 No. 2).pp. 175–184
 

學校功能的多元性:學校效能研究的新方向

鄭燕祥(Yin-Cheong CHENG)

摘要

學校效能是目前世界各地教育改革的主要關注課題之一。雖然近十年研究文獻迅速增加,多數研究成果因忽略學校功能的多元性,未能為政策制訂及學校改進提供全面而有力的啟示和指示。本文目的在引入學校功能的多元性架構,包括個人、機構、社區、社會及國際等多層面及涵蓋技術/經濟、人際/社會、政治、文化及教育等多類別的功能,以探討學校效能研究的新發展方向。

Abstract

School effectiveness is one of the major concerns in current education reforms in both local and international contexts. Even though the volume of literature on school effectiveness research was rapidly increasing in the past decade, most of the findings suffer from the ignorance of the multiplicity of school functions and cannot provide comprehensive and powerful implications for policy making and school improvement. This paper aims to explore the new development direction for school effectiveness research by introducing the multiplicity framework of school functions in terms of multilevels (including individual, institution, community, society, and international levels) and multicategories (including technical/economic function, human/social, political, cultural, and educational functions).