Educational Research Journal



香港學生寫作思維過程:暫停的種類和功能

1996.第11卷第1期(Vol. 11 No. 1).pp. 52–72
 

香港學生寫作思維過程:暫停的種類和功能

謝錫金(Shek-Kam TSE)

摘要

寫作是一個很複雜的思維過程。「暫停」是作者寫作時,停下來做其它思維活動。本研究利用「大聲想」、「錄影法」、「刺激回憶法」等方法,收集研究對象的「暫停」的資料,並比較中英文寫作的暫停的異同,研究結果顯示寫中文時,研究對象比較多想內容,邏輯,轉換方面等問題。寫英文時,他們多想「串宇」,「文法」,「標點」等問韙。「暫停」能反映作者寫作時的內在思維。

Abstract

This research focuses on the sub-process of pausing in the composing process in English and in Chinese. Pauses are moment of physical inactivity during writing. The research subjects were asked to think aloud before writing. They were videotaped during writing and were stimulated to recall their writing activities after writing. It was found that more subjects paused to retrieve and to select information, to reflect on logical problems and to transform ideas when writing in Chinese than in English. However, when writing in English they often paused to look for words, to spell words and to think about matters of grammar and mechanics. To a large extent, the pausal activities can reflect the foci of thinking of the subjects during writing.