Educational Research Journal



Effect of Flowcharting on Program Composition Skill

1993.第8卷(Vol. 8).pp. 68–73
 

Effect of Flowcharting on Program Composition Skill

Sai-Kit AU & Choi-Man CHUNG(Sai-Kit AU、鍾財文)

Abstract

Flowcharts were widely used as program organization tools and were assumed to have positive effects on program development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of flowcharting on developing programs. When flowcharting was not required in program composition, subjects performed better in program logic, semantic correctness and syntactic correctness. Flowcharting seemed to be a redundant task in program development and it did not facilitate the construction of program logic. Male subjects generally performed better than female subjects in some aspects of programming performance. Home computer possession seemed to increase the familiarity with computer and lower the computer anxiety, hence, subjects who possessed home computers generally performed better than those who did not.

摘要

在組織電腦程式的過程中,流程圖已被廣泛地應用,而且相信它能夠協助編寫程式。本研究之目的是探求編寫流程圖對程式編寫的影響。當受試者不需要繪畫流程圖時,他們在程式邏輯,語意及語法上,都有較佳的表現。男性受試者在程式編寫中,亦有較佳的表現。家中擁有電腦的受試者,因為對電腦的焦慮程度較低,在程式編寫的表現中,亦比家中沒有電腦的受試者為好。