Educational Research Journal



Socialisation Settings of Hong Kong's Preschool Children

1993.第8卷(Vol. 8).pp. 48–54
 

Socialisation Settings of Hong Kong’s Preschool Children

Sylvia OPPER

Abstract

The present study identifies the major socialisation settings, as defined by both a physical environment and a major caregiver, of a sample of 947 4-year-old children. A cluster analysis of the findings resulted in seven distinctive clusters of settings and one residual cluster in the following order of importance: mother alone, grandparents, and both parents in child's own home, teacher or child care worker in preschool, maid in child's own home, grandparents and other relatives in relatives' home, and a variety of caregivers in a variety of settings. In terms of time spent with the sample children, mother at home has a predominant role whereas father plays a negligible part in the socialisation of young children in Hong Kong.

摘要

本研究從九百四十七名四歲兒童的樣本中鑑定出兒童之主要社教化環境。社教化環境在本研究中之定義為一個外在的物質環境及一位主要的看護人。團體變量分析的結果顯示社教化環境可分為七個獨立的群體及一個剩餘的群體,其次序依重要性排列為:單獨與母親相處,與兒童同住之祖父母,兒童之雙親,幼稚園之教師或幼兒園之護理人員,兒童家中之僱傭,在親屬家中住之祖父母,其他不與兒童同住之親屬,及在其他多種環境中不同之看顧人,如用與兒童相處時間的長短而論,香港學前兒童的社化過程,身為家庭主婦的母親擔任了最主要的角色,而父親在此過程中所佔的地位卻舉足輕重。