Educational Research Journal



中文教學在道德教育中所擔當的角色

1991.第6卷(Vol. 6).pp. 98–106
 

中文教學在道德教育中所擔當的角色

周漢光(Hon-Kwong CHOW)

摘要

道德教育的過程其實是一個知、情、意、行的互相作用的過程,教師應使學生認識到道德對其立身處世的重要,在情感上養成明辨是非、嫉惡如仇的正義感,在意志上能秉着良知,按着社會的道德規範,堅守立場,為實現道德的行為而努力。

中文科跟其他學科一樣,也肩負了道德教育的責任。中文課本的取材,具備了知、情、意三方面的訓練。懦家及其他諸子史論,對道德教育多所發揮。善為利用對學生道德的培養有很大的裨益。即使中國文字的六書,大部份都含有中國民族的思想與文化。我國古人造字亦隱含道德人倫之深意。至於中國文學作品中所蘊含道德的作用更大,通過此等作品的研讀,作者祟高之道德意識,對學生知情意的滋養與鞏固俱有幫助。此外,在作文教學、閱讀教學與中文課本活動方面順手拈來,都可以對學生發揮道德教育的作用。

中文教學在德育方面採的是陶冶的方法,是從人性的基本功夫做起。有了這些基本功夫,則去講公民義務、知禮守法、維護社會制度與秩序等,都能得到事半功倍的效果。

Abstract

The process of moral education is, in fact, an interaction among knowledge, emotion, will power and behavior. A teacher should help his or her students to understand the importance of morality in a society of which they are members, to emotionally acquire righteousness in terms of distinguishing right from wrong and fighting the wrong as against an enemy, and to stand firm on the course of achieving good moral behavior.

Teachers of Chinese and other subjects have the responsibility for moral education. The subject contents of a Chinese textbook should include areas of knowledge, emotion and will power. Since Confusianism and the philosophies of other Great Masters have a substantial portion of their contents in moral education, if a teacher can make good use of these contents, students will benefit a great deal from him or her. The famous Six Books in Chinese literature also have major parts in Chinese philosophies and culture. The characters in Chinese writing, which were invented by our forefathers, also have profound meanings in morality and familial quality. Undoubtedly, moral education is embedded in many publications in Chinese literature, revealing the authors' superb morality which guides students to raise and consolidate their acquired levels of knowledge, emotion and will power. In addition, it is easy to handpick relevant contents from the teaching of Chinese composition and reading comprehension and the extracurricular activities using Chinese subject matter in order to teach students moral education.

Moral education in Chinese lessons is taught by inculcation and begins with the basics of humanity. If teaching is built on these basics, it would be an effective and efficient way to teach students citizenry, politeness, discipline, laws and orders.