Education Journal


1989.第17卷第1期(Vol. 17 No. 1).pp. 3–9



Attribution Theory and Education

潘詠棠(Wing-Tong POON)




To some extent, the effectiveness of education is determined by the motivation of teachers and pupils. This article aims to introduce an important theory of motivation — the attribution theory, and to delineate its implications for education. Contrary to some researches, the counter-defensive attributional style of making external attribution for success and internal attribution for failure prevailing among teachers is regarded in this article as something detrimental to teachers' motivation. It is suggested to endorse teachers' success more overtly in order to curtail this harmful effect. This article also gives practical suggestions on how to help pupils build up a more desirable attributional style.