Education Journal



如何處理語文教材中的情感因素

1988.第16卷第2期(Vol. 16 No. 2).pp. 199–205

 

如何處理語文教材中的情感因素

Ways to Deal With the Affective Domain in Language Content

周漢光(Hon-Kwong CHOW)

摘要

文學作品是抒情的,它往往傳達了人性中種種普遍的情懷。作家的心靈,可貴在他們對人生種種意蘊,有一份敏銳的觸覺,善於捕捉那些湧現在他們腦際的真情實感,通過文字技巧的處理,轉化為文學作品,展示於讀者的眼前。當我們閱讀文學作品,作者所表達的懷念親人、感歎離別,遊子思家、追憶故國等等思想感情,就會傾注於我們的眼前,打動我們的心弦。只要形成作家上述情感的具體生活境遇仍然存在,那麼作品中所表達的思想情感,就具有不可磨滅的普遍性,裹面就有很多興極的東西,值得教師去介紹給學生。基於此,講授課文,不論從文學或語文角度去看,都不應忽略作者寫作此文的動機。學生一旦真能領略到作者的真摯情懷,受到感動,便會樂此不疲,養成閱讀欣賞的習慣。在引導學生體會作者的思想感情,不能用公式化的教學方法,而須凓重學生的語感訓練、領略作品中的形象感染、激發學生的情感,並且帶領他們從了解達到欣賞的層次。

Abstract

Literature is to release emotion, and most of the time it conveys emotions common to all. The special thing about the writers is that they are sensitive to their experiences. They can capture their feelings and turn them into literary writings via high writing skills. When reading about writings such as about memories of beloved ones, farewell, feeling of a lonely traveller, memory of a fallen kingdom, we might feel that all the emotions are unfolded before our eyes and our hearts are moved. As long as the life experiences that spark the writers to write remain, then the emotions conveyed in the writings would be common to human nature. There would be a lot of educational elements that are worthwhile to teach the students. To teach a piece of writing, we cannot ignore the writer's motive for writing. If the students can understand and deeply moved by the common emotions conveyed, they would be interested to read and learn. There is no formula to teach the affective domain in language content. The students' sensitivity to words, the ability to catch the symbols and metaphorical meaning between the lines, and the arousing of their emothions, are needed to be taken into consideration, in order to enable them to understand and further to appreciate the piece of writing.