Journal of Basic Education



從漢語全球化之趨勢分析對外漢語教學的變革

2009.第18卷第1期(Vol. 18 No. 1).pp. 169–184
 

從漢語全球化之趨勢分析對外漢語教學的變革

Globalization of Chinese: An Analysis of Changes to Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language

寇志暉、譚彩鳳、李子建(Zhihui KOU, Angela Choi-Fung TAM, & John Chi-Kin LEE)

摘要

過去數十年,隨著中國的經濟急速增長,世界各地人士學習漢語的需求與日俱增,而有關對外漢語教學的發展與研究卻是一個被忽略的議題。為了切合不同文化學習者的需要,全球化的對外漢語教學必須改革。本文著重整理相關的文獻,提出教學改革必須要加強的四個關鍵元素:教師專業隊伍、教材、互動網路學習平台及創新的考試模式,並分析如何落實這四項元素。這對各地開辦對外漢語課程的學院有重要啟示。

關鍵詞:對外漢語教學;全球化;教學發展與研究

Abstract

In the last few decades, as China experienced rapid economic growth, the demand for learning Chinese as a foreign language had increased significantly in different parts of the world. However, the development and research of teaching Chinese as a foreign language (TCFL) has been neglected. With the globalization of Chinese, there is a need for reform of TCFL to meet the diverse needs of learners of different cultures. This paper aims at drawing insights from the literature review on TCFL and suggests strengthening four key components to cope with the change, namely development of teaching professionals, instructional materials, interactive web-based learning, and innovative assessment methods. Implementation of these will be analysed for their important implications for institutions which offer Chinese programs worldwide.