Journal of Basic Education



白話童詩語言形式的承傳與創新

2009.第18卷第1期(Vol. 18 No. 1).pp. 43–67
 

白話童詩語言形式的承傳與創新

The Traditional and Creative Language Forms of Modern Chinese Children’s Poetry

巢立仁(Felix Lip-Yan CHAO)

摘要

白話童詩一如其他詩歌類型,其文理性結構實為成體的關鍵,所以瞭解白話童詩的文理性結構──語言形式,實為學習白話童詩的必要條件。白話童詩展現了與古典詩一脈相承的整齊形式和相對形式,整齊形式為白話童詩帶來了統一的節奏、和諧的節律,展現了詩的音樂美,相對形式發揮漢語的意合特徵,為白話童詩製造了相對相成的詩意脈絡,表現了語義層面的美,然而白話童詩並非完全照錄這兩種語言形式,而是融合了現代詩的語言技巧,更造新變,因此而兼具承傳與創新的特質。

關鍵詞:童詩;古典詩;語言形式

Abstract

Modern Chinese children’s poetry, same as other types of poetry, manifests itself in comprehensive logical structures. Thus understanding language forms and structures is essential to understanding Modern Chinese children’s poetry. Just as in classical poetry, Modern Chinese children’s poetry exhibits the same neat and regular form as well as a corresponding form. The regular form brings out a united rhythm and a harmonious rhyme, and renders musicality to the poems. The corresponding form exemplifies the word/ meaning characteristic of the Chinese language, and creates a corresponding poetic stream, which gives beauty to a layering of meanings. However, Modern Chinese children’s poetry do not always just follow these two language forms, but embodies linguistic techniques of modern poetry to create new elements, thus keeping the unique characteristic of maintaining something traditional as well as creating something new.