Journal of Basic Education



回歸後澳門公民教育發展路向的檢視

2008.第17卷第2期(Vol. 17 No. 2).pp. 97–123
 

回歸後澳門公民教育發展路向的檢視

An Examination of the Development of Civic Education in Macao in the Post-1999 Era

黃素君(Sou-Kuan VONG)

摘要

本研究以澳門回歸後歷年的施政報告為研究起點,結合行政和民間機構公民教育相關活動的紀錄以及學術界的研究現狀,梳理出回歸後公民教育的內涵和發展路向。研究目的如下:(1)探討不同歷史脈絡下的公民教育論述及其特徵;(2)檢視多樣化的公民教育(尤其是國民教育)的適切性,從而釐清公民教育的使命之演變,進而探索本澳公民教育的定位、意義與價值,給澳門及其他地方發展適性的本土公民教育提供參考。研究結果顯示:(1)面對政治回歸的現實及賭權開放引發的社會問題,公民教育被定性為政府重要的施政範疇;(2)公民教育話語呈流動的狀態,且成為回應社會問題的「靈丹妙藥」;(3)多樣化的公民教育話語遍及社會各階層,其宣示的內容重點不一;(4)公民教育面臨本土/國家身分認同和全球化引致身分模糊的挑戰。

關鍵詞:公民教育;澳門;政策分析

Abstract

This research stems from the Chief Executive’s Annual Addresses of the Special Administrative Region of Macao since 1999. It is an attempt to examine the content and orientation of civic education in Macao in the Post-1999 era through an analysis of the current practices of civic education offered by different government organizations and the private sector. The research objectives are as follows: (1) to explore the discourses of civic education in different historical contexts; (2) to examine the appropriateness of multidimensional forms of civic education (in particular, national education) and explore the positioning, meaning and value of civic education for future betterment and development of Macao. The research findings showed that: (1) civic education was positioned as one of the important policies advocated by the local government in response to various kinds of social issues following the return of sovereignty to China and problems arising from the opening-up of gaming licenses; (2) the discourse of civic education had been fluid and had developed to become the “panacea” to all social problems; (3) there were multidimensional forms of civic education found at different levels of society with diversified content and different focal points; (4) there was blurring of citizenship identity issues and challenges arising from the local/state relationship and globalization.