Journal of Basic Education



新課程改革以來小學公民意識教育的轉變──人教版社會科教科書的比較分析

2008.第17卷第2期(Vol. 17 No. 2).pp. 77–96
 

新課程改革以來小學公民意識教育的轉變──人教版社會科教科書的比較分析

Changes to Citizenship Education at the Primary Level Under the New Curriculum Reform: Comparison of Social Studies Textbooks

王文嵐(Wenlan WANG)

摘要

本研究以中國大陸的新課程改革為背景,借助頻度分析與文本分析兩種方法,探討人民教育出版社在課程改革前後出版的兩套小學社會科教科書所蘊涵的公民意識的變化。結果表明,在數量比例和內容構成上,公民意識教育在兩版教科書中均發生十分明顯的變化:較之舊版教科書,新版教科書中公民意識的比例從28%增加到52.5%;舊版教科書公民意識內容主要集中在國家認同層面,新版教科書公民意識涵蓋了自由、權利、責任、積極參與等多個層面。唯新版教科書對公民意識的闡釋與分析尚需進一步挖掘與深化,才能較全面體現出公民資格的完整內涵。

關鍵詞:公民意識;公民教育;社會科

Abstract

Using the methods of frequency analysis and textbook analysis, this study compares the changes to citizenship education delivered by two sets of social studies textbooks published before and after the New Curriculum Reform in Mainland China by the People’s Education Press. Results indicate that some salient changes took place both in the relative proportion and content composition of citizenship education. Specifically, the content involving citizenship education increased from 28% to 52.5% in the new textbooks. In the old textbooks, citizenship education focused mainly at the level of national identity, but in the new textbooks, citizenship education expanded to cover aspects like freedom, rights, responsibilities and active engagement. However, in the new textbooks, the interpretation and analysis of the nature of citizenship would need to be treated in much greater depth before a more comprehensive understanding of what it means to be a citizen can be manifested.