Journal of Basic Education



漂泊的靈魂:臺灣中小學國家認同教育的擺盪與挑戰

2008.第17卷第2期(Vol. 17 No. 2).pp. 47–75
 

漂泊的靈魂:臺灣中小學國家認同教育的擺盪與挑戰

Wandering Souls: The Swing and Challenge of Education for National Identity in Taiwan’s Elementary and Secondary Schools

董秀蘭(Shiow-Lan DOONG)

摘要

國家認同在臺灣一直是極具爭議的議題,也是臺灣社會政治紛擾、族群對立的最主要根源。影響所及,臺灣中小學階段的國家認同教育也不斷地擺盪,始終在不同的政治意識型態的角力中尋找方向與定位。本文首先簡介臺灣國家認同議題的歷史脈絡;其次以社會科課程為範圍,檢視中小學課程的認同意識型態,並採用質性的內容分析,檢視解嚴後的1990年代以來,臺灣中小學課程與教科書中國家認同意識的矛盾與掙扎。再依據相關實證研究的比較分析,探究臺灣中小學學生的國家認同感與教師對國家認同教育困境的觀點。最後,作者提出對臺灣中小學國家認同教育擺盪與挑戰的省思。

關鍵詞:國家認同;社會學習領域

Abstract

National identity has been a very controversial issue in Taiwan society. It is also the main cause of socio-political and ethnic conflicts. In this regard, education for national identity at the elementary and secondary school levels has been swinging all the time, struggling in search of a positioning and direction among diverse forces of political ideologies. This article will first introduce the origin and historical context of the national identity issue in Taiwan. Then, the contradictory ideologies of national identity underlying Taiwan’s social studies curriculum and textbooks since the 1990s will be critically examined. Next, drawing from the findings of empirical research, teachers’ perspectives concerning the struggle and challenge of teaching national identity in their classrooms will be analyzed. Finally, the author will reflect upon the swing and challenge of educating for national identity in Taiwan’s elementary and secondary schools.