Journal of Basic Education



學前兒童對中文字的視覺記憶

2008.第17卷第1期(Vol. 17 No. 1).pp. 59–71
 

學前兒童對中文字的視覺記憶

Preschool Children’s Visual Perception of Chinese Characters

郭婉儀、陳莉莉(Elisa KWOK & Lily CHAN)

摘要

記憶中文字的最好方法是學習字形結構,因為中文字形結構帶有很多視覺訊息提示。研究對象為178位三至六歲兒童,透過是項研究,驗證對稱性和非對稱性中文字的視覺特徵是能幫助兒童記憶中文字,並從中比較不同年齡兒童對中文字的視覺記憶之分別。結果顯示無論是對稱字還是非對稱字,幼兒班的正確率都偏低,證明他們未能從視覺記憶中辨識正確的中文字。低班和高班在對稱字的正確率則高於非對稱字,顯示他們已開始從視覺特徵識別中文字的特性。

關鍵詞:學前兒童;中文字;字形結構;視覺記憶

Abstract

The present study investigates the influence of perceptual experience on lexical processing of Chinese characters. One hundred and seventy-eight children, aged three to six, participated in two visual memory tasks. In Task 1, children were asked to recall a list of characters with symmetrical structure, and in Task 2, they had to identify characters with asymmetrical structure. The results from the two experiments indicated that there were significant symmetrical structural effects in children’s recall. Effects from age differences were found, indicating that perceptual information in Chinese characters was utilized by preschool children of different ages in different ways in the character acquisition process.