Journal of Basic Education



西方學前教育思潮在中國大陸的實踐和反思

2008.第17卷第1期(Vol. 17 No. 1).pp. 3–16
 

西方學前教育思潮在中國大陸的實踐和反思

Implementation of and Reflection on Western Thought in Early Childhood Education in the Chinese Mainland

朱家雄(Jiaxiong ZHU)

摘要

文章回顧了在中國大陸發生的三次幼稚園課程變革,闡述了西方學前教育思潮對變革所起的推波助瀾作用。在反思西方思潮對變革的影響時,文章提出了要對價值無涉與價值有涉、宏大理論與地域知識、教育品質和教育公平以及學術研究與實踐研究等問題進行深入思考,並指出要在縱觀課程變革的歷史和經驗,橫觀中國經濟、政治、文化等領域發展的基礎上把握幼稚園課程變革的發展方向。

關鍵詞:西方學前教育思潮;中國幼稚園課程改革;反思

Abstract

This paper reviews three main kindergarten curriculum reforms in the Chinese mainland, and explicates the important role of western thought in driving those reforms in early childhood education. When reflecting on the influence of western thought on the reforms, the paper examines the following issues: value-free vs. value-related education, macro theories vs. local knowledge, quality education vs. equity in education, and academic research vs. practical study. It also points out that discussion about development orientations of Chinese kindergarten curriculum reform should be based not only on an overview of curriculum reform history and experience, but also on an understanding of the development of Chinese economy, politics and culture as a foundation for reform.