Journal of Basic Education



澳門小學數學教育的革新與挑戰

2007.第16卷第1期(Vol. 16 No. 1).pp. 67–80
 

澳門小學數學教育的革新與挑戰

Reform and Challenges of Mathematics Education at the Primary Level in Macao

李小鵬(Titus Siu-Pang LI)

摘要

澳門沒有统一的數學課程,中英文小學自20世紀都選用香港或國內的教科書。1995年澳葡政府首推數學課程大綱,改革小學數學教育。21世紀澳門政府透過院校伙伴種籽計劃、在職及校本培訓繼續提升數學教師的專業。本文透過歷史的分析,總結了澳門小學數學教育改革的八大困難與挑戰。數學課程和教育改革是漫長的工程,只有政府、課程編寫人、教師培訓院校、專家、學校、教師、出版商和家長等有共同的意願和目標,為兒童創造真實及愉快的數學教育,才能成功。

關鍵詞:多元化課程;數學教科書;數學教育

Abstract

There is no standardized Mathematics curriculum in Macao. Textbooks from Hong Kong and the Chinese Mainland have been used in Chinese and English primary schools since the 20th century. In 1995, the Portuguese Macao Government introduced the first mathematics curriculum and initiated reform in primary mathematics education. The Macao SAR Government carried on the reform this century by conducting university and school partnership seed projects, and provided in-service and school-based specialist training to raise the professionalism of primary school mathematics teachers. Through historical analysis, this paper identifies eight difficulties and challenges to mathematics education at the primary level. Mathematics curriculum development and education reforms are part of a long term initiative. It is only when the Government, curriculum designers, teacher education institutes, experts, school authorities, teachers, textbook publishers and parents all work together with common beliefs and objectives that a realistic and enjoyable environment can be created for successful mathematics education.