Journal of Basic Education


2005.第14卷第2期(Vol. 14 No. 2).pp. 1–20


School-community Relations: Reality and Tensions

譚偉明(Frank Wai-Ming TAM)





The present paper attempts to explain the nature and reality of school-community relations, using a developmental framework based on how schools make meanings of itself and its environment. The paper asserts that in the process of trying to differentiate from other schools and integrate with the community, schools may develop four types of school-community relations: bureaucratic, opportunistic, self-sufficient and synergetic. In order to develop a sustainable school-community relationship, a school may need to grow out of its bureaucratic shell by consolidating its internal members to discover its primary mission and identity in the community. Also, the school may need to understand the needs and expectations of members of the community, and the multiple roles the school is playing in the community.