Journal of Basic Education



香港公民教育老師的民族教育觀

2003.第12卷第2期(Vol. 12 No. 2).pp. 29–56
 

香港公民教育老師的民族教育觀

Hong Kong Civic Education Teachers' Understanding of Nationalistic Education

梁恩榮(Yan-Wing LEUNG)

摘要

本研究指出,香港公民教育老師對民族教育的主流理解傾向「文化民族主義教育」,但也混合著「普世性民族主義教育」、「公民民族主義教育」和「反殖民族主義教育」。這種多元混合的民族教育較為理性、包容性強和能與人權、民主相容,有利於香港發展其民族教育。從建構港人國民身分的角度看,主流傾向的「文化民族主義教育」只是集中文化的向度,而欠缺政治向度;單是中華文化身分的認同,而不是國民身分的認同。本文提出結合探討民主和文化的中國,才能全面地回應建構港人國民身分的議題。

Abstract

This paper points out that the dominant understanding of nationalistic education of Hong Kong civic education teachers is education for cultural nationalism. Nevertheless, it also reveals a multiple understandings composed of education for cosmopolitan nationalism, civic nationalism, and anti-colonial nationalism. This eclectic understanding is beneficial to the development of Hong Kong nationalistic education because it is rational, inclusive and compatible with human rights and democracy. The paper argues that the national identity constructed from the education for cultural nationalism focuses only on the cultural aspects but neglects the political aspect of China. This is only the building of a cultural identity but not national identity because there cannot be a complete national identity without a political dimension. It further suggests that the exploration of both cultural and political (democratic) identity is necessary for the cultivation of a complete Chinese national identity.