Education Journal


2009.第37卷第1–2期(Vol. 37 Nos. 1–2).pp. 57–69



Conceptualization of Citizenship Education in the Chinese Mainland

趙振洲(Zhenzhou ZHAO)




“Citizenship education,” no long conceived as a product of capitalism, gains widespread attention during the past decade in the Chinese mainland. This article explores, from the perspective of ideoscapes, how the global concept of “citizenship education” is ascribed local meaning. Three aspects are highlighted in the local conceptualization of citizenship education by mainland scholars: breaking state hegemony (participation of citizens and society as stakeholders); struggling for democracy (lack of democracy is partially justified by lack of civic consciousness among the ordinary, accounting for the need for citizenship education); and balancing political identity and cultural identity (intellectuals’ self-reflection on cultural consciousness and disappointment of communism/socialism).