1998．第8卷第1期（Vol. 8 No. 1）．pp. 2142
Managerial Practices in Hong Kong Primary Schools
Nicholas Sun-Keung PANG（彭新強）
In response to the recommendations of the Education Commission Report No. 7, attempts were made to develop performance indicators for school self-evaluation and external assessment in the area of administration and management. Based on Schein's model of levels of culture, Sathe's interpretation of organizational culture, and Getzels and Guba’s model of organizational behaviour and the data from a sample of 839 teachers from 60 randomly selected primary schools, a 64-item instrument, the School Values Inventory (SVI) Form IV, with ten valid and reliable subscales of organizational values was developed. The SVI generated the Total Values Similarity (TVS) scores at the teacher level and the Organizational Culture Index (OCI) at the school level as measures of the strength of organizational cultures. According to the strength of organizational cultures, schools can be classified into those of "strong culture," "moderate culture," "weak culture" and "conflicting culture." An important implication of the study is that if school administrators are to build a quality management culture in schools, they should decentralize school management to the teacher level and emphasize rationality, participation, collaboration, collegiality, goal orientation, communication, consensus, professional orientation and teacher autonomy in their daily managerial practices.