Journal of Basic Education



中國學生作文能力測評研究

1996.第6卷第1及2期(Vol. 6 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 151–157
 

中國學生作文能力測評研究

A Study on the Assessment of Chinese Students' Writing Ability

祝新華(Xinhua ZHU)

摘要

學生的作文能力是中小學各學科中最難科學化測定的內容,控制作文評分的主觀隨意性是「世界性的難題」。

本文在研究小學生作文測驗及高中學生會考、高考作文評分的基礎上,揭示作文測評問題的成因,總結近來中國學者(包括作者自己)對作文測驗方式、命題技術的改進,比較現行的兩種常用評分方法的不同效果,論述釐定評分項目、質量檢驗的技術,並報告作者編製《高中作文分項分等評分量表》的實際進程和質量指標。

Abstract

Students' writing ability is the most difficult part to be tested scientifically among all the subjects of primary or high school education. And how to control the subjectivism in scoring the students' composition is a universal hard-nut-to-crack problem.

Based on the research of controlling the subjective score gap of the compositions in primary school tests, high school graduation examinations and national college entrance examinations, firstly, this paper discloses the cause of composition scoring problems, summarizes the testing methods adopted by Chinese scholars and the improvements of the technique in assigning topics, then contrasts the different effects of the two popular scoring measures, and describes how to categorize the scoring items, how to choose qualified teachers for scoring and how ot control the scoring process. Secondly, this paper brings about the steps of making scale tables for composition scoring, and techniques to check the scoring quality. Finally it reports the practical process and quality indicators advanced in the author's The Scale Tables for High School Students' Composition Scoring With Different Grades According to Separate Scoring Categories.