Journal of Basic Education



中國面向二十一世紀基礎教育優秀教師之培訓

1996.第6卷第1及2期(Vol. 6 Nos. 1 & 2).pp. 11–17
 

中國面向二十一世紀基礎教育優秀教師之培訓

The Highly Qualified Teacher's Training for China's Basic Education in the 21st Century

陳永明(Yongming CHEN)

摘要

處於世紀之交「知識授予型」向「知識創造型」轉換的重要變革時期,中國也同世界各國一樣認識到振興基礎教育的關鍵在於提高教師隊伍素質的重要性。中國基礎教育優秀教師培訓的現狀及其特徵可以概括為十個方面:(一)樹立理想的教師形象;(二)大力宣傳尊師重教;(三)倡導終身教育思想;(四)適應社會發展的需要;(五)重視基礎教育的研究;(六)進行百萬中小學校長崗位的培訓;(七)著力優秀教師骨幹的培訓;(八)提高學歷與素質相配合;(九)加強國際合作;(十)促進師資培訓多樣化。然而,師資培訓正面臨著市場經濟的強烈衝擊、信息時代日新月異的變革以及現行師範教育的生存危機。如何使東方尊師重教的優良傳統,在更高水準上同西方的教師教育的先進思想再次融合及昇華,這對中國面向二十一世紀「基礎教育優秀教師之培訓」來說,應該是值得認真研究的重要課題。

Abstract

The transformation from "knowledge transmitting" to "knowledge creating" in this century experienced an important reformation period. China, like other countries in the world, recognized that the key point in regenerating basic education lies in the improvement of teacher's qualities. The situation and characteristics of highly qualified teacher's training for China's basic education can be summarized into ten points: (1) establish an ideal image of teacher; (2) propagate effectively the idea that teachers are to be respected and education stressed; (3) initiate the ideology of lifelong education; (4) adapt to the development of society; (5) lay emphasis on the study of basic education; (6) implement the training of millions of primary and secondary school headmasters; (7) train especially the mainstay of teachers; (8) promote the integration of record of formal schooling and basic quality; (9) strengthen international cooperation; (10) promote the diversity of teacher's training.

Nevertheless, teacher's training faced strong influence from the market economy, reformation of the volatibility of informational era and the existence crisis of teacher's education. How to integrate the eastern fine tradition of respecting teachers with the progressive idea of western teacher's education at a high level, is a worthwhile subject matter deserved an in-depth study facing China's basic education in the 21st century.