1994．第4卷第2期（Vol. 4 No. 2）．pp. 2741
The Relationship of Teachers’ Organizational Commitment to Their Perceived Organizational Health and Personal Characteristics in Primary Schools
Kwok-Tung TSUI, Tsan-Wing LEUNG, Yuet-Sai CHEUNG, Hon-Tung MOK, & Wah-Sun HO（徐國棟、梁贊榮、張月茜、莫漢東、何華新）
This cross-sectional survey study attempts to examine the relationship between teachers' organizational commitment and their perceptions of school organizational health. School organizational health, conceptualized in this study, is a multidimensional construct comprising seven dimensions including institutional integrity, principal influence, initiating structure, consideration, morale, academic emphasis and resource support. The sample was composed of 423 primary school teachers randomly selected from 20 aided primary schools which are operated by 4 major sponsoring bodies in Hong Kong. Teacher commitment scale and organizational health inventory were administered to the teachers in their schools by the research team. In the main study, individual teacher perception served as the unit of analysis. The findings supported the hypothesis that the state of the school health can predict teachers' commitment to school. In particular, consideration, academic emphasis and institutional integrity had the greatest power in predicting teachers' organizational commitment. The additional analysis demonstrated that if the unit of analysis had been switched to individual schools, the aggregated school health index might be a practical and powerful diagnostic tool for studying the quality of school life.