Journal of Basic Education



學校管理新措施與策略管理

1994.第4卷第2期(Vol. 4 No. 2).pp. 1–15
 

學校管理新措施與策略管理

School Management Initiative and Strategic Management

鄭燕祥、伍國雄(Yin-Cheong CHENG & Kwok-Hung NG)

摘要

教育人力統籌科及教育署(1991)頒佈的「學校管理新措施」為香港學校引入頗大的管理改革,其目的在將學校由「外控管理」轉變為「校本管理」,以提高教育質素及學校效能。本文分析「新措施」的性質,並認為其效果的高低,在乎其各項建議能否成功與策略管理的機制結合,其中包括環境分析、規劃結構、人力資源管理、評核調控、參與,和領導等元素。本文提出的理念和技術可幫助學校發展的實踐及各地校本管理的討論、推行和研究。

Abstract

The new policy "School Management initiative" (SMI) issued by the Education and Manpower Branch and Education Department (1991) is inducing a great reform of management in Hong Kong Schools. It intends to enhance education quality and school effectiveness by transforming the schools from "external control management" to "school-based management". This paper analyzes the nature and components of SMI and proposes that the effectiveness of SMI on school improvement and development depends on whether its components can be successfully integrated into a strategic management mechanism including environmental analysis planning and structuring, human resource management, evaluation and controlling, participation, and leadership. The ideas and techniques illustrated in this paper may contribute to the practice of school development and the ongoing discussion, implementation, and investigation of school-based management in local and international contexts.