Education Journal



學校本位倫理核心價值的建構與實踐

2008.第36卷第1–2期(Vol. 36 Nos. 1–2).pp. 77–95

 

學校本位倫理核心價值的建構與實踐

The Construction and Implementation of School-based Core Ethical Values

李琪明(Chi-Ming Angela LEE)

摘要

變遷社會中價值教育的重點乃在「亂中求序」以及「異中求同」,而該「序」與「同」須立基於倫理核心價值的基本規範,才能促進人們自由自律地展開多元創新和容忍、尊重的豐富生活。本文藉由「品德校園」的理念,一則賦予倫理核心價值在當前價值教育的轉化意涵;二則強調學校須以民主多元的參與方式,建立學校本位及其特色的倫理核心價值及行為準則,並透過校園中的各類課程(包括正式、非正式與潛在課程),運用各種創新的策略加以實踐。此外,筆者亦以台灣國中與國小各一所學校的實驗研究為例,舉出其建構與實踐學校本位倫理核心價值的歷程與結果,包括校園成員代表的討論、親師生票選核心價值、建立行為準則、積極宣導、教師專業培訓、進而融入課程與校園生活,以及評鑑檢核其成效等。本文期望藉由揭櫫品德校園的理念與實踐,彰顯當前價值教育中倫理核心價值的嶄新思維與創意策略,並為教育界致力於優質與永續校園發展提供參考。

Abstract

A central priority of modern values education is to present certain core ethical values to serve as a standard in a changing society, which is subject to great variance in both moral judgment and action. These core ethical values represent certain basic societal order and consensus and may offer people living in the same community a better life with justice, caring, and autonomy. “Character-based school culture” (CBSC) model, which has clear rationale and multiple strategies, focuses on how to construct and implement core ethical values in schools. The main purpose of this article is to introduce how the author applied the idea of CBSC model into one Taiwanese elementary school and one junior high school for two years. First, in cooperation with these two schools, the author helped to construct their core ethical values of school through a democratic process, which included meetings and participation of staff, students, and parents. Second, teachers took part in a number of workshops held by the author in order to improve their professional skills and better enable them to learn to fuse core ethical values into formal, informal, and hidden curricula with creative strategies. Finally, the author used both qualitative and quantitative research methods to evaluate the effectiveness of the experimentation. This article revealed that the construction and implementation of school-based core ethical values can improve values education of schools with high quality and sustainable development.