Asian Journal of Counselling



Individual Student Planning in the United States: Rationale, Practices, and Results

2008.第15卷第2期(Vol. 15 No. 2).pp. 117–139
 

Individual Student Planning in the United States: Rationale, Practices, and Results

美國的學生生涯規劃:理念、實踐與成果

Norman C. GYSBERS

Abstract

The first part of the article provides an overview of comprehensive guidance and counseling programs in the United States. Next, individual student planning, a major guidance and counseling program component, is described, followed by a discussion of why individual student planning is important in the lives of students. Then examples of individual student planning practices are provided. The article closes with a presentation of evidence of the impact of these practices on critical markers of student success, including academic achievement.

摘要

本文首先概述美國的綜合督導與諮商計劃,接着介紹督導與諮商計劃的一個主要成分──學生生涯規劃,論說為何學生生涯規劃對學生的生命如此重要,並提供實踐例子。最後,文章舉出研究證據,說明學生生涯規劃措施如何有助學生的各項重要成就指標(包括學業成績)。