Asian Journal of Counselling



International Adoption and the Case of China: Implications of Policy, Theory, and Research for Psychoeducation and Counseling

2006.第13卷第1期(Vol. 13 No. 1).pp. 5–50
 

International Adoption and the Case of China: Implications of Policy, Theory, and Research for Psychoeducation and Counseling

國際領養與中國領養個案:對心理教育及輔導政策、理論和研究的影響

Lisa Tsoi HOSHMAND, Susan GERE, & Yuk-Shuen WONG(蔡茘生、Susan GERE、黃玉璇)

Abstract

This article addresses issues related to international adoption, with China as an illustrative case. It describes the context of international adoption and how China has come to be a leading source of transnational adoption especially for the West. Policy, theory, and research related to transnational and transracial adoption are examined in relation to Chinese adoptees and their adoptive families. Based on the theoretical and research literature as well as clinical experience, a framework for psychoeducation is presented together with resources that can serve adoptive families and professionals who work with mental health, child development, and family issues related to adoption. Further implications for counseling training and practice as well as systemic issues of policy, social justice, and cultural pluralism are discussed.

摘要

本文探討國際領養問題,並以中國兒童被領養到國外的個案為例。文章描述國際領養的背景,並討論中國兒童成為其他國家──特別是西方社會──的主要領養對象的原因。文章亦詳細研究了在跨國界、跨種族領養的政策、理論和文獻中,與被領養的中國兒童和領養家庭有關的內容。作者根據過往的學說、研究及個人的臨床經驗,提出了一套心理教育模型及其不同的運用方法,讓領養家庭和從事有關心理健康、幼兒發展、領養家庭服務的專家應用。最後,作者討論了輔導訓練和應用、公共政策、社會公義,以及多元文化對國際領養的影響。